Property is anything that can be owned by a person. Originally property only applied to things which had a form or substance, for example a dress or a piece of land. Today however a person can own something that cannot be seen or touched e.g. computer software or music.
What is Intellectual Property
Intellectual property is something which results from the activities of a person’s mind- that is, something that comes into being because of the expression of someone’s thoughts.
Examples of intellectual property can be;
Because intellectual Property can vary so much, there are different types of protections (which are referred to as “rights”) that people who create intellectual property are entitled to.
Please click on the type intellectual process you are interested in knowing about how to protect and you shall be directed to the page discussing the intellectual property right it falls under.
Original work is that which has not been copied from another but has been created by the author. This does not mean however that the thought must be original, only that the work should not have been done before.
For example; if singer Bigsize told singer Smallsize about an idea for a song that he has and Bigsize does not record the song but instead Smallsize records and releases it, no matter how angry Bigsize becomes and how fair it may seem, Smallsize who actually recorded the song is the one who has a right in the intellectual property.
This means that in order for work to be considered original it must be reduced into material form and there must be no other work existing before it which is the same. Always remember ideas are not protected, only works are.
A trademark can simply be explained to mean a sign or mark or combination of signs or marks which can be represented graphically (this means they can be put down on paper) and capable of distinguish goods and services of one business from those of another.
The words “sign or mark” include any word, symbol, design, slogan, logo, sound, smell, colour, brand label, name, signature, letter, numeral or any combination of these which can be represented graphically
By virtue of being defined as above, it means that you can have a trademark which is not registered. For example, if your business has got a logo that is not registered as its trademark- it is still a trademark. However, as you will go on to discover- it is best to always register your trademark as soon as possible, which we explain in more detail later.
This means therefore- that
A patent can be said to be an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.
The patent owner has the exclusive right to prevent or stop others from commercially using or developing the patented invention. In other words, the invention cannot be commercially made, used, distributed, imported or sold by others without the patent owner’s consent.
An invention is a solution to a specific problem in the field of technology. In order to be able to apply for a patent, the invention must fulfil certain requirements: