Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual Property Rights

Property is anything that can be owned by a person. Originally property only applied to things which had a form or substance, for example a dress or a piece of land. Today however a person can own something that cannot be seen or touched e.g. computer software or music.

What is Intellectual Property

Intellectual property is something which results from the activities of a person’s mind- that is, something that comes into being because of the expression of someone’s thoughts.

Examples of intellectual property can be;

  1. A song
  2. A novel
  3. A painting
  4. A computer software among others

Because intellectual Property can vary so much, there are different types of protections (which are referred to as “rights”) that people who create intellectual property are entitled to.

Please click on the type intellectual process you are interested in knowing about how to protect and you shall be directed to the page discussing the intellectual property right it falls under.

  1. Logos (Trademark/ service mark), commercial names and designs
  2. Inventions (creating something that is new)
  3. Industrial designs
  4. Scientific discoveries
  5. Literary (written publications), artistic (paintings etc) and scientific works
  6. Performances of performing artists, producers of phonograms and broadcasters



A trademark can simply be explained to mean a sign or mark or combination of signs or marks which can be represented graphically (this means they can be put down on paper) and capable of distinguish goods and services of one business from those of another.

The words “sign or mark” include any word, symbol, design, slogan, logo, sound, smell, colour, brand label, name, signature, letter, numeral or any combination of these which can be represented graphically

Patents/ Industrial Property

A patent can be said to be an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

The patent owner has the exclusive right to prevent or stop others from commercially using or developing the patented invention. In other words, the invention cannot be commercially made, used, distributed, imported or sold by others without the patent owner’s consent.